Indo-European Table 1, Etruscan Vocabulary, Etruscan Phrases with Indo-European cognates
09.20.18 Etruscan etymological relationships to other Indo-European languages; Proto-Indo-European (PIE):

Indo-European Table 1, Part 11

 by Mel Copeland
(from a work published in 1981)

Table 1, section 1G: Indo-European words as they relate to Etruscan.  Notes: *Armenian W = West Armemenian.


Avestan, Persian & Georgian

Slavic, Baltic , Romanian, Finnish

Greek, *Armenian & Albanian




vāḍham, ata kim, yes, evam, just so

zî, indeed (Avestan)
bale, بله yes (Persian)
, diakh, yes (Georgian)

anna, anni, ann
ű, yes, indeed, ikkitti, yes, in truth,
ibašši, yes, possibly, there, jājaja, expressing acceptance of an order (Akkadian)

ды, dy, yes (Belarusian)
da, yes (Croatian)
tak, yes (Polish)
, yes (Latvian)
da, yes (Romanian)
kyllä, yes (Finnish-Uralic)

ναι, nai, yes (Greek)
այո, ayo, yes (Armenian)

po, yes

ita (ese), etiam, certus-a-um, settled

yes, yes (Irish)
tha, yes (Scot)
ie, yes (Welsh)
sě, yes (Italian)
oui, oc (S. Fr.), yes (French)

anda imma, indeed (Hittite)

yes [<OE gese], aye [< I, or ON, ei], yes, aye, aye.

uk, ok (VK),
Script  Z817, Z826, Z1789

Z817 RE VK SINACAFER SVS LEFA Ce "These matters, yes, indeed, she would permit (L. Conj.3rd Pers. Single sinat), to draw out (It. cavare) the double (It. m. sosia) she lifts up (L. levo-are, Ind. Pres. 3rd Pers. single levat) here
RE VK SINE T RAMVER FINVM ACILaR AME "These matters, Yes,  she will permit to you; to leave behind (L. remoror-ari) the wine (L. vinum-i) of Aquilar she would love (L. amo-are, Conj. Pres. 3rd Pers. Single amet)"
Z1789 VK TIRVR: "Yes,  I am used up (L tēro, Pas. Ind. Pres. 1st Pers. Single 'teror')

ni-khanati, to inter a corpse, antyeṣṭaḥ, funeral

dafn kardan, دفن کردن to bury, dari, جنازه funeral (Persian)
, damarkhva, to bury, დაკრძალვა, dak’rdzalva, funeral (Georgian) 

zakapać, to bury, пахаванне, pachavannie, funeral (Belarusian)
pokopati, to bury, pogreb, funeral (Croatian)
pochować, to bury, pogrzeb, funeral (Polish)
aprakt, to bury, bēres, funeral (Latvian)
a îngropa, to bury, înmormântare, funeral, funeralii, funeral (Romanian)
haudata, to bury,
hautajaiset, funeral (Finnish-Uralic)

να θάψει, a thápsei, to bury, κηδεία, kideía, funeral (Greek)
թաղել, t’aghel, to bury, հուղարկավորություն, hugharkavorut’yun, funeral (Armenian)
për të varrosur, to bury, funeral, funeral, ceremoni varrimi, funeral  (Albanian)

humo-are, to perform funeral rites or bury;
omen-inis, an omen, sign, prognostication, ominor-ari, to presage, prophesy, predict

a adhlacadh, to bury, sochraide, funeral (Irish)
gus adhlacadh, to bury, tiodhlacadh, funeral (Scott)
i gladdu, to bury, angladd, funeral (Welsh)
seppellire, to bury, funerale, funeral (Italian)
enterrer, to bury, funérailles, funeral (French)

Ukturi, cremation site, n., constant, steady, firm, eternal, adj. (Hittite)

to bury [<OE byrgan], funeral, [<Lat. funus] burial, cremation ceremony, inter, [<Med. Lat. interrare]

um, om (VM)
, Script Q754 "I bury"
uma, oma, (VMA), Script Q534, Q661, Q726, humat, "he buries"
umai omai, (VMAI), Script S30 (probably a name noted by "ai"suffix, as in AECAI, Aesacus, Elinai, Helen of Troy)
ume, ome (VME), Script Z92, Q512, humet. "he would bury"
umen, omen (VMEN) Script R381, R554 "omen"
umis, omis (VMIS) Script BT-14 (L. Conj. Pres. 2nd Pers. single hum
ēs, "you could be buried]?"): Context:
BT-9: TEIS RVIS RVTaS SSV [Translation: for, to, by the gods (L. deus divus, Dat., Abl. pl. deis) of the kings (L. Fr. roi, m. L. rex, regis) you brandish, swing, whirl around [your weapon]" (L. roto-are, Ind. Pres. 2nd Pers. single rotas) SS ; O VMIS, L. Ind. Pres. 2nd Pers. single humēs, "you could be buried"]
VMIS (end of text, blank space) 

ekas, one, ekI kR, to unite, become one; yu, yauti, yute, yuvati,te, to fasten, hold, bind, harness, join, unite, yunakti or yoja- yati, saṁ-, ā-, to unite, yugaḥ, yugam, to yoke

yek, یِک one, mottahed shodad, متحد شدن to unite (Persian) ერთი, erti, one,  გაერთიანება, gaertianeba, to unite,
ბატონო, bat’ono, yoke (Georgian)
šukko, one (Hurian/Urartian)
aha aha, one-by-one, ištēn, one, unique, outstanding, first, for the first time, emēdu, to join together, unite, etc.,  ištēniš, jointly, as one group (Akkadian)