DL-1 FELTVNE ACERN FI AFLI TARKVNVS DAOLO
the god Veltone (possibly meaning Fel,
great, an appelation preceeding names of kings and
queens), he thunders (L. tono-are-ui-itum, Conj.
Pres. 3rd Pers. singl. tonet); they
augur/divine/fortell (L. auguro-are, Ind. Pres.
3rd Pers. pl. augurant) he
produces/values (L. fio fieri factus sum, Ind.
Pres. 3rd Pers. singl. fit) the lords (L. aula-ae;
2nd Decl. Gen. singl. or Nom. pl. -i) Tarquins
(Tarchonos, 2nd Decl. Acc. pl. -os) for war (L.
bellum -i ; old form, duellum, duellicus,
duellator, 2nd Decl. Dat. singl. -o) ;
last characters are unusual. The "o" (omega) is rare
in Etruscan texts, with the "V" rendering that
value. The "u" is conveyed by the "F," following a
vowel, such as AFLI = Auli. Also, the "d" is rare,
usually conveyed by the "t" and sometimes the theta
(Θ). The "O" is usually an "R," which we believe is
a "double r;" another "r" is written as "P," and the
penmanship on this character can vary in the hight
of the shaft, sometimes with no shaft at all,
appearing as a "D." The probable option would
be DAOLO, duello, "for war," particularly in view of
the Roman practice to read the auspices, often
calling forth an Etruscan augur, before engaging in
battle. Veltune is shown with a spear, which further
indicates that the matter being revealed has to do
with war. TARCHONOS
coincides in spelling with another Greek name used in
Etruscan mirrors, of Ajax Telemonos: AIFAS (See also
EIFAS) TELaMONOS (TELMVNVS).
vocabulary comes from the Etruscan
GlossaryA.xls; See also Table 1.
PAFA TARCHIE Fear! (L.
paveo, pavere, pavi, intransit, Imper. singl. pavē ) Tarkie the Tarquins
(L. Tarquinii-orum) an Etruscan line which founded
the city of Rome. The "ie" is a common suffix, as in
PHERIE, PINIE, ACIE, ASIE, ATIE, CERNIIE,
COKIE, IOCIE (IVCIE), NANIE, NECHIE (NEKIE). If
TARKVNVS is 2nd Decl. Acc. pl. -os, then TARCHIE
would appear to be 3rd Decl. Abl. sing. -e. This
would suggest that the phrase PAFA TARCHIE reads,
"Fear! by, with, from Tarquin."
is described by Massimo Pallottino, "The Etruscans,"
Indian University Press, 1975, p. 141 : "...Veltha
or Veltune or Voltumna (Vertumnus in its Latin form)
– a god with strange and contrasting attributes,
represented at times as a maleficient monster, at
others as a vegetation god of uncertain sex, or even
as a mighty war god. By a typical process, this
local earth spirit, worshiped in a small part of
southern Etruria, is individualized and transformed
into a superior divinity, the national god par
excellence, the deus Etruriae princpets
(Varro, De ling. lat., V, 46). In the same way, the
protecting spirits of war, represented as armed
heroes, tend to coalesce into a single deity, the
Italic Etrusco-Roman Mars, on the model of the Greek