10/26/2011 Etruscan Grammar, from "Etruscan_Phrases," texts, showing Etruscan declension patterns

Etruscan Phrases Grammar
Declension Tables
(-IS, -OS, OR)

by Mel Copeland
(from a work published in 1981)

The following are rough declension tables of the Etruscan language, continued from Etruscan_grammar-2.html. This document is to be used in connection with "Etruscan Phrases" spreadsheet Etruscan_GlossaryA.xls. Word definitions and their specific locations in the texts are in the spreadsheet. Women's names from mirrors or paintings are highlighted in blue; men's names are red. Words with question marks next to them may be verbs. Words with a "PL" number are probably nouns, found in the Picacenza Liver. Words in parentheses refer to a separate listing of the same word group in another declension.

3rd Declension Examples -- Singular & Plural Names









Nominative, o. or =
L. various; Gr. is, on

Genitive, is, os=
L. ei ; Gr. os

Dative, x = L. i ; Gr.

Accusitive, x = L. em, various

Ablative, e = L. e

Etr. dec 1

Etr. dec 2

Plural

-various

-IS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

THETIS / THETHIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

HAM PHERIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

MALAFIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

MARIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ATONIS (Adonis)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

HeKNIS (L. acinus)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

OSUIS, OSFIS (L. ossis?)

x

OS (L. os)

x

x

x

x

x

SUIS, SFIS

[SU, SF
(L. suo)]

SUEM

SUE, SFE

SUA, SFA

x

x

OMAI

OMIS

OM?

OMEN

OME?

OMA?

x

x

x

NEPUIS, NEPFIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ANCUIS, ANCFIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

NAVLIS, NAULIS

x

x

x

x

NAVE

x

x

KOPIS

x

x

x

x

KOPE

KOPI

COPOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

NOCIS (L. nox)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ARELIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CHOLIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CULIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CERIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

KARNOS

CARNIS

x

x

x

CARNA

KARNE

CARNAL / CARNA Le

x

x

x

x

x

CARRA

x

x

x

THETHIS (Thetis)

x

x

x

x

THESI or THETI?

x

ARTVMeS, ARTVMES ARTVMIS

x

x

x

x

ARTVME x

x

ERIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

NERIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

PONTIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ERPIS (PL18)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

SCEPIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

NOCIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TAPIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CAIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

FAIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

LAIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

LARO

LARIS

LAR

x

x

x

LARE

LARI

CAPUTO

CAPUTIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

PENEIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

PHERIS

PHER

x

x

x

x

PHERI, PHERIE

x

PAEVEIS, PAEFEIS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CARSI

PEIO
(L. peius, adv.)

PEIS (L. peior, adv.)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

OSTIS

OST
(L. hostis)


x

x

OSTE

OSTI

x

ARNOIS

x

ARNO

x

ARNA

x

ARNOI

x NOTYEIS x x x x x x
x CEPIS x x x x CEPE? CEPEN (verb) CEPI

x

x

ILiRCU

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

GIIE (Gaea)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

IKIHII
(L. Achaia?)

x

x

x

x

x

-EN

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ARCAMEN

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CEPEN

CEPIS

CEP

x

x

x

CEPE

CEPI

TRETEN

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

AITEN

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CILEN

x

x

x

x

x

x

CILENI

-OR

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

KaNTOR

KaNIS

x

KaNEV

x

x

KaNE, KANE

KaNI,
KANETO

x

x

SAC

SACEV

x

x

x

x

SELUR

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

NATOR

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

EPIOR (a name of Athena?)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CESTOR (L.quaestor)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CASTOR
(Castor, a Dioscori)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

RAMOR

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ARBERTORE (L. arbiter, m)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

-various

-OS

x

x

x

x

x

x

(RINOR)

(RINOS)

(RIN)

(RINO)

(RINU)

(RINA)

(RINE)

(RINES)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TVODEITXES

x

PILOS (L. pilus)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

OROS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

EROS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

NEPOS (L. nepos)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

FETOS (L. fetus)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CATOS

x

CATO, KATO?

x

x

CATE, KATE?

CATES, KATI

x

x


CUETO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

DOMO?

x

x

x

x

x

SAL

x

SALSO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

MINIMO
(L. minimus)

x

x

x

x

x

FELOS (L. vellus)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

IAPOS, IAPES

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

SITOS (L. situs)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

COPOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

KAPIROS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TELaMONOS (2)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TINGOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CORTOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

PHOKE

PHOKI

x

CASOS

x

x

x

CASA?

CASE

CASI

x

THANCHUILOS (2)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

METOS (2) (Medusa)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TARKONOS (2)

x

x

x

x

x

TARKIE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

COKIE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

OSAIE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

HeRPAIE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

AMIE

x

x


PHOR

x

x

x

PHORIE

x

x

x

FAS

x

x

x

FASIE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

NANIE
(L. naenia)

x

x

TER

TERTO

x

x

x

TERTI, TERTIE

x

x

IEPO

x

x

x

x

IEPI, IEPIE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TIE, THIE, TIES

x

x

RII

x

x

x

x

RIE (L. Rhea)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ACIE (1)
(L. Achaia, f.)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

VIE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CERNIIE

x

SeRELOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CNOS

x


x

x

x

x

x

KESTOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

EIVI

x

KARNOS (L. carnis)

x

x

x

x

KARNE

x

x

POROS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TELOS

TEL?

x

x

x

x

x

x

TEROS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

RODOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

SITOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

FITOS (L. fidus)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

NEPOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ROROS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ROS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TOS, THvS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

SANVOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

VANOSE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

VAKOS

x

VAGO?

x

x

VAGE?

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CAPOI (Capua?)

x

FILOS

(FILAE)

x

x

x

(FILE)

FILOI

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

IAKOI

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

SONOI

x x x x x x x

TENOI*

x

CASOS

x

x

x

x

CASE

CASI

x

ARNOIS

x

ARNO

x

ARNA

x

ARNOI

x x x x x x x LOTVOI
VOIA

x

x x x x x VOI
ROIM ROIS x x x x x ROI
x REOS x x x x x REOI
x x x VPETV x x x

OPETOI*

x x x x x x

TRUE, TRFE (L. Trous = Troy, Trojan)

TROINVI, TROINFI (L. Troianus-a-)

MAREM MAROS* x x x x

x

x

x

SEOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

AVETOS or AUETOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

KESTOS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

PETROS

PETR

PETRO

x

x

x


x

TIOS

TIO, THYO?

x

x

x

TIE

TIVI, TIFI, TIES

TEIA

TEUS, TEFS
(L. deus)
DEIVOS*

TEO
(It. dio)

x

x

TEIFA

x

TEI, TEIM / TEIS

-AR

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

MAMAR

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

HAMPHIAR (Amphiaraüs)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ACILAR

x

ACIL

ACILO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

FETvRA?

FETURE

x

CLENAR

CLENaRON

x

x

x

x

x

x

TAITaR

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ACHLVSaR

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CANeR or CANTH

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

SeNENAO or SeNENAR (goddess)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TENaR, TENAR

TENaRAS?

x

x

x

TENARA

x

x

x

x

FLUFLUNS

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

MANU, MANV?

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ACNASU

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

RICU

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CELTO (L. Celtae)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ARBO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ARIPHMO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

PERSNIPHMO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

PERSNIMO

x

x

x

x

x

x

PESNIM

PESNIMO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

MINIMO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

PESTO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TETO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

LOTO

x

LOTA

x

x

x

x

x

TIRO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

VEITO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

SILAC

x

x

x

SILiCI

x

x

x

KATO

x

x

KATE

KATI

x

x

x

RITO

x

x

RITE

x

x

x

x

KARO

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

ERTO

x

x

x

ERTI

x

x

SANS

SANO

x

x

x

SANI

* TENOI Old Latin, "Dueonos Vase." (See Etruscan_Phrases_a.html)

4th Declension Examples -- Singular & Plural Names










Nominative, a = L. a (1st)

Genitive x = L. ae (1st)

Accusitive am = L. am (1st)

Dative x = L. ae (1st)

Ablative a = L. a (1st)

Etr. dec 1

Etr. dec 2

Etr. dec 3

x

x

x

PARTHIAM

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

KLETRAM, CLETRAM

x

x

KLETRA

KLETRE

x

x

x

x

HERAM (L. Heraea)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

PANATAM

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TESCAM (L. tesca-orum)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TIKAM (TICNER)

TIC

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TIG LO

x

TIGA

TIGE

TIGI

x

x

x

PARVAM

PARV (L. parvus-a-um)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TREV

x

x

TREVE
(Fr. trêve)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

POVE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CHIAVE

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

TRUE, TRFE (L. Trous = Troy, Trojan)

TROINVI, TROINFI (L. Troianus-a-)

x

x

x

x

TEVNS (L. divinus?)

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

CLEF

x

CLEFA

x

x

x

x

x

TONAM

TON

x

TONA

TONE

TONI

x

x

x

TRAM

TRAKS

TRAO?

TRA?

x

TRAS? (TRATI)?


Mel Copeland
Berkeley, CA
1.28.07
Updated 10.26.11


Notes:

* Augmentative, as in Italian
(1) Latin f. gender.


(2) Nominative case is demonstrated here. Telemonos, an adjective with Ajax's name, refers to Ajax, son of Telemon. Tarquin (Tarchon) is being addressed in a mirror engraving in the context of the augur telling him his and his family's fortune.

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